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마늘을 첨가한 배추김치의 숙성 중 품질 및 발효특성

  • 2013-10-04
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첨부파일

Quality and Fermentation Characteristics of Garlic-added Kimchi

 

In this study, we investigated quality and fermentation characteristics in baechu kimchi containing 0(control), 5(GK5), 10(GK10), 15(GK15) and 20(GK20)% of shred garlic. Analysis was performed during fermentation at 4℃ for 42 days, every 7 days. The result showed significant changes in color value between control group and garlic added groups. Hunter’s color L value was increased during fermentation whereas a and b value were decreased. Hardness of kimchi was higher in 15% and 20% garlic added groups than other groups. The pH decreased significantly during fermentation, while titratable acidity was showed reverse tendency during fermentation period. The reducing sugar content was decreased in all groups during fermentation period, which higher in GK10 and GK15 group than the others. But its remaining ratio was 19.7∼22.3% and not showed significant difference in experimental groups at 42 days fermentation. The number of lactic acid bacteria was dramatically increased up to 6.13∼7.60 log CFU/g at 7∼14 days fermentation. The garlic was inhibited significantly the growth of lactic acid bacteria, but this was not showed significant difference between garlic added groups and control group, after 28 days fermentation. As a results, we suggest that addition of garlic increase the quality characteristics and storage properties of Kimchi, and not hinder quality of kimchi at addition level of 20% than salted baechu.


Key words:baechu kimchi, garlic, quality characteristics, lactic acid bacteria